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Agro-morphological studies revealed broad genetic structure of spatially distributed Brassica rapa populations

Sohail Ahmad Jan, Zabta Khan Shinwari, Malik Ashiq Rabbani, Haris Khurshid and Nazir Ahmad

Brassica rapa sub-species presents rich diversity all over the world. The three different B. rapa sub-species (brown sarson, yellow sarson and toria) have distinct qualitative and quantitative characters. In present study we have described some major characteristics of three important sub-species of B. rapa (brown sarson, yellow sarson and toria). The brown sarson, yellow sarson and toria sub-species have rich diversity in leaf shapes (vegetable and non-vegetable types), early flowering, number of pods, pod shattering, yield per plant, etc. The brown sarson showed excellent yield and other morphological performances as compared to other two sub-species. The development of early flowering in brown sarson/toria and high yielding brown/yellow sarson offers unique opportunities for the improvement of the species.

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